Graphs, digraphs, and multidigraphs in GAP

Version 0.12.1
Released 2018-04-26

This project is maintained by J. D. Mitchell

Digraphs package for GAP - CHANGELOG

Copyright (C) 2014-18 by Jan De Beule, Julius Jonušas, James D. Mitchell, Michael Torpey, Wilf A. Wilson et al.

Licensing information can be found in the LICENSE file.

Version 0.12.1 (released 26/04/2018)

This is a minor release, which contains several bugfixes. The following problems were resolved by James D. Mitchell:

Version 0.12.0 (released 31/01/2018)

This release contains bugfixes and new features. In particular, it:

Digraphs now requires version 4.5.1 of the IO package.

Version 0.11.0 (released 22/11/2017)

The principal change in Digraphs version 0.11.0 is the addition of support for computing automorphisms, canonical labellings, and isomorphisms of digraphs with nauty. This functionality requires the NautyTracesInterface package for GAP, version 0.2 or newer. However, this is not a required package, and the default engine remains bliss. It is possible to specify the engine that is used by Digraphs. These changes to Digraphs were made by James D. Mitchell].

In particular, version 0.11.0 includes the following changes:

The property IsHamiltonianDigraph and the attribute HamiltonianPath were added by Luke Elliott. Additionally, this release fixes several bugs, including one in DigraphSymmetricClosure and one in CompleteDigraph.

Digraphs now requires version 4.4.6 of the IO package.

Version 0.10.1 (released 16/08/2017)

This is a minor release, which contains performance improvements, and fixes a bug in Digraph that could cause a segmentation fault.

Version 0.10.0 (released 20/07/2017)

This release contains new features, bugfixes, and minor improvements to the documentation. There is a new method for ChromaticNumber, which has better performance than the previous method [Julius Jonusas and James D. Mitchell]. A bug in the code for calculating homomorphisms of digraphs, which could cause a crash, was resolved [James D. Mitchell].

New Features in Version 0.10.0

All of the new features were added by James D. Mitchell.

Version 0.9.0 (released 12/07/2017)

This release introduces several new features.

New Features in Version 0.9.0

The following attributes and properties were added by James D. Mitchell:

The following operations related to matchings were added by Isabella Scott and Wilf A. Wilson:

Version 0.8.1 (released 18/05/2017)

This is a minor release, which updates the README file and updates the list of package authors and contributors.

Version 0.8.0 (released 17/05/2017)

This release contains new features, several minor bugfixes, and minor improvements to the documentation of the package.

New Features in Version 0.8.0

This release introduces the new operations DigraphClosure [Julius Jonusas] and BooleanAdjacencyMatrixMutableCopy [Wilf A. Wilson], along with the following properties and operations related to semilattices [Chris Russell]:

Version 0.7.1 (released 22/03/2017)

This is a minor release, which fixes bugs in DigraphTopologicalSort and IsAntisymmetricDigraph that could trigger segmentation faults.

Version 0.7.0 (released 14/03/2017)

This release introduces several new features, changes some existing functionality, and improves the documentation. The changes in this release were made by Wilf A. Wilson.

New Features in Version 0.7.0

Altered Behaviour in Version 0.7.0

Version 0.6.1 (released 01/03/2017)

This is a minor release. This release fixes a bug in AsDigraph for a transformation and an integer. The operations OutNeighboursCopy and OutNeighborsCopy are renamed to OutNeighboursMutableCopy and OutNeighborsMutableCopy, respectively, and new operations InNeighboursMutableCopy and InNeighborsMutableCopy are introduced.

Version 0.6.0 (released 09/12/2016)

This is a major release, adding a variety of new operations and attributes for Digraphs, as well as improving some functions and improving the package’s documentation. In this version, we welcome Luke Elliott and Markus Pfeiffer as new authors.

New Features in Version 0.6.0

Version 0.5.2 (released 20/06/2016)

This is a minor release containing one bugfix and several other minor changes. Digraphs now works when it and GAP are compiled in 32 bit mode.

Version 0.5.1 (released 08/06/2016)

This release contains some bugfixes, some minor new features, and some performance improvements. The package has moved to GitHub and we welcome Finn Smith as an author.

This release contains a new technique for encoding a vertex-coloured digraph as a vertex-coloured (undirected) graph while preserving the automorphism group, in order to calculate the automorphism group using bliss. These changes were made by Finn Smith. The previous technique involved adding two intermediate vertices for every edge; on a digraph with n vertices this could add 2n(n-1) new vertices. The new technique encodes a digraph with n vertices as a graph with 3n vertices. In certain cases, this can lead to a dramatic improvement in the time taken to calculate the automorphism group.

The new reduction is based on two techniques in:

David Bremner, Mathieu Dutour Sikiric, Dmitrii V. Pasechnik, Thomas Rehn, Achill Schürmann. Computing symmetry groups of polyhedra. https://arxiv.org/abs/1210.0206v3

Namely, “Dealing with digraphs” followed by “Reduction by superposition”. From the graph obtained by these techniques, n vertices which are irrelevant to automorphism finding are removed.

The actual reduction used is as follows: Given a digraph D=(V=[]1 .. n],E,c), create three copies V1, V2, V3 of the vertex set V. Colour V1 according to the colouring c of D, and V2, V3 with two distinct colours that do not occur in D. Connect each vertex in V1 to the corresponding vertices in V2, V3. For every arc (x,y) in E, put an edge between the copy of x in V2, and the copy of y in V3. Automorphisms of this graph, when restricted to V, are precisely the automorphisms of D. Because this changes the graph used to calculate automorphisms, the results sometimes nominally differ from the previous version - especially in the case of canonical labelling, where unrecognisably different results may appear. Generators also often appear in different orders.

The performance improvements are most noticeable on large, quite dense digraphs. On random digraphs with 5000 vertices and 0.5 edge probability, 200-400x speedups were common. When calculating the automorphism group of the complete digraph on 1000 vertices, with vertex i having colour i mod 2 + 1, we obtain a 66x speedup. When the vertex i is assigned colour i mod 7 + 1, this becomes a 400x speedup.

Minor changes include:

Version 0.5.0 (released 03/03/2016)

This release contains some bugfixes, as well as new and changed functionality. Digraphs now requires the Orb package, version 4.7.5 or higher.

New Features in Version 0.5.0

Issues Resolved in Version 0.5.0

Several bugs related to clique finding have been resolved. [Wilf A. Wilson]

Version 0.4.2 (released 28/01/2016)

This is a minor release to fix a bug in DigraphAllSimpleCircuits that failed to return all simple circuits in some cases Issue 13. Some documentation was also updated.

Version 0.4.1 (released 22/01/2016)

This is a very minor release to change the version of GAP required.

Version 0.4.0 (released 19/01/2016)

This is a major release, primarily aimed at incorporating more of the functionality of Grape into Digraphs, as well as fixing some bugs. In this version, we welcomed Jan De Beule to the development team.

New Features in Version 0.4.0

[Jan De Beule, Julius Jonusas, James D. Mitchell, Michael Torpey, Wilf A. Wilson]

Version 0.3.2 (released 14/01/2016)

This is another minor release due to some missing build files in the Version 0.3.1 archive.

Version 0.3.1 (released 13/01/2016)

This is a minor release due to some missing build files in the Version 0.3 archive.

Version 0.3.0 (released 12/01/2016)

This release contains a number of bugfixes and performance improvements.

New Features in Version 0.3.0

Issues Resolved in Version 0.3.0

Version 0.2.0 (released 04/09/2015)

The first release.

Version 0.1.0

Pre-release version that was not made publicly available.